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Famous 17th Century Literature 847

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Ilość: szt. • Archive • 8. Writing the literature review • Earth and Environment We identified 7,312,607 outgoing citations from articles published since 2015. 6,657,410 of the recent citations (91.0%) referenced an article that was in Sci-Hub. However, if only considering the 6,264,257 citations to articles in toll access journals, Sci-Hub covered 96.2% of recent citations. On the other hand, for the 866,115 citations to articles in open access journals, Sci-Hub covered only 62.3%. ( A) Average coverage for journals divided into 2015 CiteScore deciles. The CiteScore range defining each decile is shown by the x-axis labels. The ticks represent 99% confidence intervals of the mean. This is the only analysis where “Sci-Hub Coverage” refers to journal-level rather than article-level averages. ( B) The association between 2015 CiteScore and average visitors per article is plotted for open and toll access journals. Curves show the 95% confidence band from a Generalized Additive Model. Discussion

Like Loading... Posted on February 15, 2017 by Philip N. Cohen Posted in Essays Tagged march for science, open access, politics. 2 Comments What to do about, and/or with, the American Sociological Association? • Introduction to Federal Government Contracting At the college and university level student loan funding is split in half; half is managed by the Department of Education directly, called the Federal Direct Student Loan Program (FDSLP). The other half is managed by commercial entities such as banks, credit unions, and financial services firms such as Sallie Mae, under the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP). Some schools accept only FFELP loans; others accept only FDSLP. Still others accept both, and a few schools will not accept either, in which case students must seek out private alternatives for student loans. [165] • There are no shiny, beautiful people on t... • Comments that contain credible threat days: number of days on which the article was accessed

• Terms of Service • Synthesis • South Carolina Biology Standards • 2 — Kingdom of Shadow and Light (Fever #11) by Karen Marie Moning — Urban Fantasy — "The brewing war between the Seelie and the Unseelie is threatening to explode--with a definitive outcome that will change the fate of the Fae forever and thrust humanity into either light or total darkness. But as Mac embarks deeper than ever before into the origins of the Fae, she begins to question who is truly good and who is evil." Amazon US • UK • CAN | iBooks | GR | Other Books in Series • identified gaps in the literature and research? Recent estimates suggest paywalls on the web limit access to three-quarters of scholarly literature ( Piwowar et al., 2018; Khabsa et al., 2014; Bosman and Kramer, 2018). The open access movement strives to remedy this situation ( Tennant et al., 2016). After decades of effort by the open access community ( Royster, 2016), nearly 50% of newly published articles are available without paywalls ( Piwowar et al., 2018; Archambault et al., 2014; Van Noorden, 2013a). • Politics, Law & Government This is an interesting and original piece of work that focusses on one of the most potentially disruptive forces in scholarly communication in the 21st Century. It outlines, for I think the first time, the shear size and scope of Sci-Hub and the amount of material that is now available through it. It is perhaps a little early to say with any certainly what the effect of Sci-Hub will be on subscriptions and I am pleased that the authors have highlighted the issue, but not moved too far into the space of prediction. They have allowed the analysis to speak for itself. Next Back • ? — Winds of the Iron Feather(Everything Under The Sun #2) by Jessica Redmerski: GR | Other Books in Series The largest, most prominent academic publishers are thoroughly covered by Sci-Hub, and these publishers have taken note. Elsevier (whose 13.5 million works are 96.9% covered by Sci-Hub) and the American Chemical Society (whose 1.4 million works are 98.8% covered) both filed suit against Sci-Hub, despite the limited enforcement options of United States courts. The widespread gratis access that Sci-Hub provides to previously paywalled articles calls into question the sustainability of the subscription publishing model ( McKenzie, 2017; Lawson, 2017b). Avoiding biblioleaks and retaining exclusive possession of digital media may prove an insurmountable challenge for publishers ( Dunn et al., 2014). As distributed and censorship-resistant file storage protocols mature ( Benet, 2014; ConsenSys, 2016), successors to Sci-Hub may emerge that no longer rely on a centralized service. Indeed, Alexandra Elbakyan is only one individual in the larger “guerilla access” movement ( Bodó, 2016; Bodó, 2015; Laskow, 2016), which will persist regardless of Sci-Hub’s fate. As such, Sci-Hub’s corpus of gratis scholarly literature may be extremely difficult to suppress. Prepare to be haunted by this story of an all-girls school in 19th-century Massachusetts. As the students begin to exhibit mysterious symptoms one by one, a sinister physician is called in to treat them. But the source of the illness may run deeper than anyone suspects. • ^ "Elsevier, Wiley are getting PR advice from Eric Dezenhall". Transcription and Translation . Retrieved 25 March 2017. effectuer la mise à jour. BitTorrent sites • ^ a b "Nature's 10". Nature. 540 (7634): 507–515. 22 December 2016. Bibcode: 2016Natur.540..507.. doi: 10.1038/540507a. PMID 30905952. • Essay Simple Pendulum The Alchemist by Granet François-Marius. Oil on canvas, 1800–1899. Photo: Science History Institute. The effort may backfire. It does nothing to address disappointment scientists feel about how paywalls hide their work. Meanwhile, Sci-Hub has been making waves that might carry it further to a wider swath of both the public and the scientific community. And though Elbakyan might be sailing in dangerous waters, what’s to stop idealistic scientists who are frustrated with the big publishers from handing over their login credentials to Sci-Hub’s pirate queen? • STC Elementary Curriculum • Contact It has been alleged, since the 1950s and especially in recent years, that American schooling is undergoing a crisis in which academic performance is behind other countries, such as Russia, Japan, or China, in core subjects. Congress passed the National Defense Education Act in 1958 in an attempt to rectify these problems, and a series of other legislative acts in later decades such as No Child Left Behind. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, however, American students of 2012 ranked 25th in math, 17th in science, and 14th in reading compared with students in 27 other countries. [166] In 2013, Amanda Ripley published the popular book The Smartest Kids in the World (And How They Got That Way), a comparative study of how the American education system differs from top-performing countries such as Finland and South Korea, but she found some students in South Korea spent over 12 hours per day in the classroom, with evening tutors, plus 2 months longer, while Finland demanded teachers attend extra teacher training and pass rigorous checks which 80% of teachers failed. [167] Rather than using some clever learning techniques, instead the teachers and students were forced to spend extra, rigorous time in training or double hours to improve results, which in some cases faded away after a year, although the testing of results was also questionable. [167] The author also noted U.S. teachers generally failed to have extra training and selection which could mean better teaching, but also indicated the U.S. could benefit from a culture which valued some higher intellectual levels. [167] What is this “evidence” supposed to prove? Some of the credentials provided to Sci-Hub probably come from phishing, which was already admitted a long time ago. 77.3% • Scientific literature • About • English • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Himmelstein, Daniel S; Romero, Ariel Rodriguez; Levernier, Jacob G; Munro, Thomas Anthony; McLaughlin, Stephen Reid; Greshake Tzovaras, Bastian; Greene, Casey S (2018). "Sci-Hub provides access to nearly all scholarly literature". eLife. 7. doi: 10.7554/eLife.32822. ISSN 2050-084X. PMC 5832410. PMID 29424689. • A Miñan-Tapia Indira Gandhi Emergency The Bible as Literature Penn Libraries uses the Alma library resource management system from Ex Libris. Alma includes an OpenURL resolver, which the Penn Libraries use to provide a service called PennText for looking up scholarly articles. PennText indicates whether an article’s fulltext is available online, taking into account Penn’s digital subscriptions. Using API calls to PennText’s OpenURL resolver, we retrieved Penn’s access status for the 290,120 articles analyzed by the State of OA study (see the greenelab/library-access repository). We randomly selected 500 of these articles to evaluate manually and assessed whether their fulltexts were available from within Penn’s network as well as from outside of any institutional network. We defined access as fulltext availability at the location redirected to by an article’s DOI, without providing any payment, credentials, or login information. This definition is analogous to the union of oaDOI’s gold, hybrid, and bronze categories. Top DaaS providers • ^ "U.S. college enrollment rates". NCES. March 18, 2019. • Current students DOI The European Commission included Sci-Hub in its "Piracy Watch List". [36] Website [ edit ] A research paper is a special publication written by scientists to be read by other researchers. Papers are primary sources neccessary for research – for example, they contain detailed description of new results and experiments. Tertius Lydgate • Fernwood Publishing • • PeerTube ► • U.S. Government Employees visitors: number of IP addresses that accessed the article • To familiarize yourself with the current state of knowledge on your topic • ^ Bohannon, John (11 December 2015). "In unique deal, Elsevier agrees to make some papers by Dutch authors free". Science. doi: 10.1126/science.aad7565 . Retrieved 27 December 2016. Elbakyan created several more backup copies of Sci-Hub’s database. She rewrote Sci-Hub’s code, starting from square one, so that the service could download papers automatically. Now, once users pointed Sci-Hub toward an article, the site would check every university proxy server until it found one through which it could download the paper, and would download it automatically. They didn’t have to manually browse the publisher’s website through Sci-Hub to find the articles anymore. Seeing Inside • Contact us Life Science Highest Level Of Education You Have Completed In 2008, Elsevier shut down an international piracy operation wherein a Vietnamese entrepreneur was selling digital copies of journals to academics. The publisher, both on its own, and through at least one industry group, the American Association of Publishers, pushed Congress for laws that that would have made it easier for publishers to more easily coerce ISPs, search engines, and DNS services to block access to a site — or force advertisers and payment services to drop their support for copyright violators. • Cinder by Marissa Meyer • Despite these gains, access to scholarly literature remains a pressing global issue. Foremost, widespread subscription access remains restricted to institutions, such as universities or medical centers. Smaller institutions or those in the developing world often have poor access to scholarly literature ( Meadows, 2015; Kirsop and Chan, 2005; Bendezú-Quispe et al., 2016). As a result, only a tiny percentage of the world’s population has been able to access much of the scholarly literature, despite the fact that the underlying research was often publicly or philanthropically funded. Compounding the problem is that publications have historically been the primary, if not sole, output of scholarship. Although copyright does not apply to ideas, journals leverage the copyright covering an article’s prose, figures, and typesetting to effectively paywall its knowledge. • Literary interpretation • June 2020 • ^ Greshake, Bastian (21 April 2017). "Looking into Pandora's Box: The Content ofSci-Hub and its Usage". F1000Research. 6: 541. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.11366.1. ISSN 2046-1402. PMC 5428489. PMID 28529712. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition) High school literature anthologies are somewhat more sensitive to religious literature than are the standards. Textbooks that organize world literature, British literature, or American literature by historical periods typically include a good deal of religious literature; indeed, such literature is unavoidable. Many textbooks are organized by theme or genre, however, and use literature drawn primarily from the 19th and 20th centuries that is almost always secular. (Although recent literature is typically more secular than historical literature, it often appears that recent religious literature is slighted in these texts.) Excerpts from sacred Scriptures make token appearances in most world literature texts, as do excerpts from the King James Bible in anthologies of British literature. Almost always the excerpts are chosen for their literary rather than their religious significance—Psalms rather than Genesis or the Gospels, for example. The Arts Kingdom of Ash (Throne of Glass #7) by Sarah J. Maas Since 2015, Sci-Hub uses its own storage [2] for the same purpose. [4] As of 2017 Sci-Hub was continuing to redirect requests for electronic books to Libgen. [2] [4] Usage and content statistics [ edit ] Several GWU students confessed to being Sci-Hub fans. When she moved from Argentina to the United States in 2014 to start her engineering Ph.D., Natalia Clementi says her access to some key journals within the field actually worsened because GWU didn’t have subscriptions to them. Researchers in Argentina may have trouble obtaining some specialty journals, she notes, but “most of them have no problem accessing big journals because the government pays the subscription at all the public universities around the country.” • December 2019 • 1.1 Legal situation • van Leewenhoeck A. Observations, communicated to the publisher by Mr. Antony van Leewenhoeck, in a dutch Letter of the 9th Octob. 1676. here English'd: concerning little animals by him observed in rain-well-sea- and snow water; as also in water wherein pepper had lain infused. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1677; 12:821–831. doi: 10.1098/rstl.1677.0003. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] • Peter Murray-Rust Sci-Hub’s repository contained 69% of all scholarly articles with DOIs. Coverage for the 54.5 million articles attributed to toll access journals — which many users would not otherwise be able to access — was 85.1%. Since Sci-Hub can retrieve, in real time, requested articles that are not in its database, our coverage figures are a lower bound. Furthermore, Sci-Hub preferentially covered popular, paywalled articles. We find that 91.0% of citations since 2015 were present in Sci-Hub’s repository, which increased to 96.2% when excluding citations to articles in open access journals. Journals with very low (including zero) coverage tended to be obscure, less cited venues, while average coverage of the most cited journals exceeded 90%. Science • Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia Used Books And Movies Near Me We defined a comprehensive set of scholarly publishing venues, referred to as “journals”, based on the Scopus database. In reality, these include conferences with proceedings as well as book series. For inclusion in this analysis, each required an ISSN and at least one article as part of the Crossref-derived catalog of scholarly literature. Accordingly, our catalog consisted of 23,037 journals encompassing 56,755,671 articles. Of these journals, 4,598 (20.0%) were inactive (i.e. no longer publishing articles), and 2,933 were open access (12.7%). Only 70 journals were inactive and also open access. • CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list The government never cited these incidents as part of its reason for labeling Dynasty and the LMF as “foreign agents,” though Zimin’s past ventures do raise some suspicion about the Kremlin’s motives. Nevertheless, Zimin decided to shutter Dynasty, to get the LMF taken off the “foreign agent” list. Just google “sci hub.” It should be the first result. • • American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research • I’ve always contended that if one wanted to infiltrate academic and government institutions (including environmental, nuclear, electrical, and healthcare), then give away free access to scholarly material as a means to gain access to internal systems. I’m not a conspiracy theorist, but this has always seemed to be much more than a play at academia. It should be considered a national security threat by every government around the world. Manuel Bonik: Is it more important to run Sci-Hub than work as a scientist? Does it leave you time for scientific work? Requesting Permission Animated Films • John Wilbanks Library Genesis (LibGen) is a shadow library primarily comprising illicit copies of academic books and articles. Compared to Sci-Hub, the operations of LibGen are more opaque, as the contributors maintain a low profile and do not contact journalists ( Elbakyan, 2017). LibGen hosts several collections, including distinct repositories for scientific books and textbooks, fiction books, and comics ( Cabanac, 2016). In 2012, LibGen added the “scimag” database for scholarly literature. Since the spring of 2013, Sci-Hub has uploaded articles that it obtains to LibGen scimag ( Elbakyan, 2017). At the end of 2014, Sci-Hub forked LibGen scimag and began managing its own distinct article repository. • Ideas